We often wonder whether we should rent a boat with or without skipper. Obviously to rent a boat without a skipper, you must have the corresponding navigation title that can handle sports boats for non-commercial purposes.

Here, aBoatTime will explain what each title needs and which ships each title can handle.

For a title issued by the Directorate General of the Merchant Navy or by the Autonomous Communities that have assumed these responsibilities (Basque Country, Cantabria, Asturias, Galicia, Andalusia, Murcia, Valencia, Catalonia, the Balearic Islands and Melilla), one must be pass a theory test and perform basic safety practices and navigation, or instead of this training, you can do a practical exam.

The theoretical examinations are performed by the Directorate General of Merchant Marine or the Autonomous Communities above. The basic safety practices and navigation can only be performed in the schools approved for that purpose by the Autonomous Communities or the Directorate General of Merchant Marine. These schools issue a certificate evidencing your qualifications. In the case of sailing vessels, you will need to have some specific qualifications for sailing.

The practical test may be arranged by the Autonomous Communities. Upon satisfaction of certain conditions for each title (age, passed the theoretical and practical examination and certification of basic safety practices and navigation, as well as medical certificate), the applicant may request the issue of title by the Autonomous Community or the Directorate General of Merchant Marine, for which you must pay the appropriate fees.

A recreational title is not needed during the day and in the areas enclosed by the Maritime Authority, they may operate the following vessels without a title:

  • Motor boats up to 4 meters in length and with a maximum power of 10 kW (13 HP).
  • Sailing boats up to 5 meters in length.
  • Canoes, kayaks, canoes without motor, pedal boats also with the option of engine power of less than 3.5 kW.
  • Sailboards or motor sliding tables, or anchored floating facilities.

Federative released

 Qualification Title

  • Management of pleasure boats up to 6 meters in length with an engine with a maximum power of 40 KW in the daytime in areas bounded by the Maritime Authority.

Requirements

  • Overcoming the theory test and practical, organized by the nautical sports federations power boating and sailing.

Captain for Basic Navigation

Qualification title

  • Management of sailboats up to 8 meters in length and up to 7.5 meters in length if they are motorboats with adequate power to the size of the boat, provided that the boat is no more than 5 miles away, in any direction, from shelter. They may also govern jet skis.

Conditions for obtaining

  • Be 18 years of age, or at age 16 with parental or guardian’s consent.
  • Passed the corresponding theoretical examination.
  • Pass the practical exam or have completed safety practices and navigation of at least four hours.
  • Pass a medical examination.

Captain of pleasure craft

Qualification title

  • Management of pleasure crafts, motorboats or sailboats up to 12 meters in length that have engines powerful enough and suitable for navigations made between the coast and the 12-miles out from it. As well as interisland sailing in the Balearic and Canary Islands.

Requirements

  • Be 18 years of age, or at age 16 with parental or guardian’s consent.
  • Pass the corresponding theoretical examination.
  • Pass the practical exam or have completed safety practices and navigation of at least three days and four hours minimum each day.
  • Pass a medical examination.

Yachtsman

Qualification Title

  • Management of pleasure craft, motorboats and sailboats up to 20 meters in length with engines that are suitable for navigations made between the coast and the 60-mile line parallel to it.

Requirements

  • Be 18 years old.
  • Possessing the title captain pleasure craft.
  • Approve the corresponding theoretical examination.
  • Pass the practical exam or have completed safety practices and navigation, at least four days and five hours minimum each day. One day practices must be at night.
  • Pass a medical examination.

Yacht Captain

Powers Title

  • Management of pleasure craft, motorboats and sailboats, without limitation.

Requirements

  • Owner of the title of Yacht Captain.
  • Approve the corresponding theoretical examination.
  • Pass the practical exam or have completed safety practices and navigation of at least five days and four hours of minimum duration each day; one of these sessions should be at night.
  • Pass a medical examination.